Is an EIN the Same as a Social Security Number?

Frequently Asked Questions | FAQs

No, an EIN is not the same as a Social Security Number. An EIN is an Employer Identification Number and a Social Security Number is an individual’s Tax ID Number. Although the two numbers have similar tax reporting purposes, an EIN is strictly used for a business. Many people have both Employer Identification Numbers and Social Security Numbers. An EIN is issued to a business owner who plans to hire employees, while a Social Security Number is issued to a private individual who plans to work for an employer. Your nine-digit tax identification number is used for filing tax returns as well as many other business operations. The IRS also issues a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) to an alien resident who is not eligible to receive a Social Security number.


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